Belgium has 6 governments
Belgium has 1 federal government and 5 regional governments. Each government has a number of ministers with their own powers.
Belgium is a federal state
Why does a small country like Belgium have 6 governments? Belgium is a federal state, which means that there are several federated states:
Belgium has 3 regions
- The Flemish region
- The Walloon region
- The Brussels-Capital region
And 3 communities
- The Flemish community
- The French community
- The German community.
5 regional governments and 1 federal government
Each federated state has its own government. As an exception, the federated states of the Flemish Community and the Flemish region have a single Flemish government. As such, there are 5 regional governments in Belgium, and 1 federal government. The federal government takes decisions for the country as a whole.
A government is made up of ministers and secretaries of state, each of whom has their own powers: Home affairs, Foreign affairs, Justice, Public health, etc.